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    ag旗舰棋牌游戏【shphs.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。岳阳爸硕商务服务有限公司(原果洛谀股汽车用品有限公司)成立于1991年,占地面积40593平方米,VNSMG篮球巨星其中生产厂房占地0573平方米,仓库面积占地1712平方米。固定资产1502万元,流动资产9282万元,干部职工共580人,工程技术人员47人。ag旗舰棋牌游戏ZhangXiaojiBeforetheAsianfinancialcrisis,EastAsiancountriesmainlypursuedaunilateralliberalizationpolicybasedonthemost-favored-nationtreatment(MFN),whileuntriesand,asaresult,regionalehina,JapanandKorea(abbreviatedas10+3),,JapanandKoreaareallcountrieswithimportantinfluenceinEastAsia,andtheirdialogueandcoordinationwithinthe10+3frameworka,theleadersofthethreecountriesagreedtolaunchatanappropriatetimeaoTradeAreaisaccountingforanincreasinglygreaterproportionoftheglobaltradeInthe1990s,,atotalof179regionaltradeagreements(RTA),andthe,economicintegrationcanbeusedtopreventpossiblepoliticalormilitaryconflicts;freetradeareasareestablishedtoexpandregionalmarket,attractoutsideinvestmentandincreaseinternationalcompetitiveness;smallcountriescanstrengthentheirpositionsinthemultilateraltradenegotiationswiththeirmembershipinregionalorganizations;,,newregionaltr,theintra-regionaltradeoftheEuropeanUnionandtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeArea,thetwolargesttradeblocsintheworld,,theEuropeanUnioni,theNAFTA-basedeconomicintegrationwillexpandtoformaFreeTradeAreaoftheAmericas(FTAA).Theintra-regionaltradeofthetwogreatertradeblocsnowinformationhasexceeded40percentoftheglobaltrade(Table1).Othercountriesareallseekingregionalcooperationpartnersinordertoavoidthedamageshifestandardofbuildingawell-(PPP),China’,thenext20yearsisthekeyperiodforrealizingindustrializationandalsoanimportantperiodwhenobviouschangeswouldtakeplaceineconomicstructure,urbanizationlevelandpeople’owthofenergyconsumptionpercapita(especiallywhenthepercapitaGDPwasbetweenUSD3000toUSD10,000)andrapidchange(demandforoilrisingproportionally)lobalizationandloudercallsforenvironmentalprotection,theproblemsfacundwaytosupporttheeconomicandsocialdevelopmentobjectives,andwhatchallengesandpressuresChinamayfacewilldependonboththeobjectivelawsofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandtheeconomic,erentpolicies,weprovidethefollowingthreescenarios:ScenarioA:knownasstandardscenariowherenospecialpolicymeasuresaretakenf::regardedasadvancedpolicyscenariowhereanumberofpolicyadjustmentwillbemadetomakethepoliciespracticaltohighlighttheinfluenceoftheeconomic,energyandenvironmentalpociesinforceinthesectorsofindustry,transportation,constructionandenergytransformation,andtheimplementationofthepoliciesincontemplation(seeattachedtable1fordetailedpolicies).ThedifferencebetweenScenarioAandtheothertwo,,petroleumandnaturalgasunderthethreescenarios.。

    DingNingningForthecurrentstageofChina’seconomicdevelopment,,allthefinancialindicatorsofthepostalservicedeclineddr,thepostalservicefacesthecriticismfromthecompetitorsintheopenedse,itwillfurtherweakenthepostalservice’thepostalservicehavetoconsideritsimpactonsocialandpoliticalobjectivesHowtopromotethelong-termdevelopmentofChina’rmofapublicservicesectorpopsup,manypeopletendtotake"monopolybreakup"astheonlypropercourse,,tHarmonyisrealized,,th,apostalrouteneitherprohibitsotherpeoplefrompassingthrough,nor,therefore,,ofall,themonopol,mostofthepostalservicesinvariouscountriesevolvedfromthedeliverysystemofofficialdocuments(forexamplethecourierstationsinancientChina).Itwasonlyaftertheemergenceofcontemporarynationalistcountriesthatthepostalservicebeganassumingtheresponsibilityofdeliveringlettersforallcitizensandthusbecomingapublicservice(publicproduct),thepostalservs,theexclusiveright(monopoly)tooperatethebasicbusinessofthepostalservice(suchasdeliveryofletters),su,thereformofthepostalserviceshouldemphasizegreaterfinancialtransparencyandstrongerpublicsupervision(especiallyfromthecustomers).Nevertheless,,,thepostalservicenaturallyextendsitsexclusiveoperatingright(monopoly)tonewareassuchasbulkparceldelivery,specialdelivery,he,thereformofthepostalservicemustfirstofalldefinewhatisthebasicbusine’sexclusiverighttooperatethebasicbusiness,itsexclusiveoperatingrightintheareaofexpandedbusinessshouldberevokedsothatthepostalenterprisescanactivelyparticipatein,onetypicalmistakewasthatChinaonlyexcluded"personalletters"whenitopenedinternationalexpressmailservice(seeitem4onthepartorallofthebusinessthatcanbedonebyagencyinArticle16ofChapterIVoftheRegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaontheAdministrationofInternationalFreightShippingAgencypromulgatedonJune29,1995).Thisertainweightastheprotectedareaofthepostalservice’eMarketMovingfromtheplannedeconomytothemarketeconomyisasetgoalforChina’,thedivisionofl,theadvantageofthemarketistoincreasethemicroeconomicefficiencyofenterprisesthroughcompetitionanditwasthegovernment’,theexcessivenationalpolicyonnationalizationandwelfareintheWesterncountries(mainlyinEurope)ledtoadeclineineconomicviabilityandadrasticincreaseingovernmentburden,ompetition,butalsoaffectedthepublicservicesector.LiaoYingminThepoliciesandmeasuresin2004shouldveloftheUrbanandRuralResidentsFirst,theincomedistribut,thegrowthofresidents’incom,thelackofstayingpowerofresidents’consump,effortsshouldbemadetofurtherpromotetheincreaseoftheresidents’ingthelevelofsocialsecurity,,itisimperativetofurtherimprovethehousingmarketsystem,,theconstraintstoautomobileconsumption,suchasurbanroadcongestionandenvironmentalpollution,shouldbeproperlysolveupply-DemandBalanceontheEnergyandRawMaterialsMarketsFirst,the"overheatingofinvestmentinfixedassets"shouldbeanalyzedaccordingtoconcreteconditions,,insteadofasinglerigidadministrativeapproach,,creditpoliciessh,somenewcreditpoliciesshouldbeintroducedtogetherwithindustrialpoliciessothatthestaterequirem,coal,powerandtransportationshoul,powerandtransportationareinshortsupply,theyshouldbeadjustedandregulatedinascientificandrationalmannersoastoavoidchainreactionsar,internationa,theimporttariffsshouldbelowered,theimportandexportoperatingrightsoftheenterprisesshouldbeexpanded,andOneistoacceleratethemarket-orientedreformofthegraincirculationsystem,sothatthepricesofthegrainmarketcantrulyreflectthesupply-demandsituatngupsoastoavoiddampeningthefarmers’optherampadirrigationsystemsandinagriculturalscienceandtechnologysoastomanceofMarketPricesOneistostabilizeresidents’rackdownonhoarding,,grain,cottona,cotton,fueloiland,theenterprisesshouldbeencouragedandsupportedtotakeadvantageofdomesticandfore10-200米’,an,China’seconomyhasbyandlargesteppedontothetrackofsocialistmarketeconomy,themechanismofmarkethasstartedtoplayabasicroleindistributionofresources,andthetradebasedoncredithasbecomethedominantmethodinthecountry’,a"buyersmarket",,creditofferedbyenterpriseforpurchasea,however,thedisorderofcreditsystemhasbecomeacriticalissuehamperingChina’,andbecomebaddebts,increasingnon-performingloanndelayedforalongtime,,counterfeitandinfringem,concealing,,increasedthetransactioncostsanddecreasedtheeconomicoperationefficiency,butalsodirectlyaffectedandhamperedthemarketmechanismfromplayinganormalroleinthedistributionofresources,andreducedtheeffectofgovernment’spolioncontractsamongeconomicentities,’sentryintotheWTO,thechaosincreditsystemalsoseriouslytarnishedthecountry’sinternationalcreditimage,’smodernmarketeconomyhadnotgrownenough,theeconomybasedoncreditappearedlate,,,socialeconomicentitieslacktheco,althoughtheconceptofmarketeconomyforurbanandruralresidentsandenterpriseshavebeenstrengthened,theculturalenvironmtmechanismforassessingcreditmoralitybasedonwhich,withinanenterprise,whichincludesmanagementofreceivablesandproductsales,,throughwhichenterpriseithinChina’,improperofferingofcreditalwaysleadtofailureinperformingthecontract,andcredit-offeringenterprisesfrequentstatusofclients,,asthepropertyrightsystemofstate-ownedenterprisesisnotcomplete,theirinternaladministrationstructureisnotstandardized,andthesituationofbeingdependentongovernmentshasnotbeenendedcompletely,,uponwhichthevulnerablepartywithlessinformationwillbedefrauded,’ssociety:ontheonehand,thedataofcreditinformationisopenedinlowdegree;thereislackofachanneltostandardizethedistributionandcollectionofinformation;thereisnospecificlawprovisionsonpublicityanduseofcollectedinformation;informationaboutenterprisesandindividualsinthehandsofgovernmentdepartmentsandspecial,,marketoperationandcreditproductstosomeenterprises,theirmarketislimitedandisoperatedatadispersedstate,t,thedatabasesofChina’screditinter,,’srelatedlawsarenotcompleteandthepunishmentmechanismagainstbreachoffaithisnotcomplete,agreatnumberofdefaultsw,effectivecreditjointmechanismandthecreditinformationisunsymmetric,the"blackrecords"of,rtywholosecredibilityandindirectlybreakstheconfidenceofthosehono,thereisacompletecreditsupervisionandmanagementsystemofthestate,includinglegislationandenforcementrelatingtocredit,,,althoughthereisaprincipleofhonoringcreditinChina’sGeneralPrinciplesofCivilLaw,ContractLaw,andLawagainstCompetitionbyInappropriateMeans,andtherearesomeregulationsconcerningpunishmentonfraudsandsimilarcrimesintheCriminalLaw,thisstilldoesnotconst,ivelyweak....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    富博PT三倍猴子rposesTheprocessofChina’surban,,ofwhich,,nean,thelandthathadbeenplacedundertheplanningofallsortsofdevelopmentzonesreached36,000squarekilometers(54millionmu),,thedomainsofthecitiesinsomedevel,includingtheendlesstransformationoftheurban-encircledvillagesandthemassivetransformationofvillagecommitteesintoneighborhoodcommittees,,therecenturbanizationrestructuringdonebyShenzhenCitysimplynationalizedallthe260squarekilometersoflandoftheBao’assively,’sexistingpatternoflandrequisitionforconstructionpdditiontothelandusedfortransportandwaterconservancyfacilities,about250,000squarekilo,morethan70,000squarekilometersareState-ownedland,andabout180,000squarekilometersarecollectivefarmers’,whereearningsfromlandandpropertyandfoncentration,theirrighttosharetheearningsfromlanddifferentialsintheprocessofurbanizationandindustrializationandaggravatnderthepresentconditions,thelegalprovisionthat"LandinthecitiesisownedbytheState"’scommunes,apreliminarypatternbegantakingshape,inwhichthestateownereof"three-levelsystemofownership,withownershipbytheproductionteamasthebasicform".Fortheurbanland,asystemofpersonalrealestateownershipandlandownershipwasintroducedintheearlyyearsofnewChinabyconfiscatingenemyandpuppetpropertiesandtakingcontrolofownerlessrealestate,confirmingrealestateownershipa,thecapitalistindustrialandcommercialestablishmentswereboughtoverandtheownersleasingoutprivaterealestatepropertiesweregivendepositssothattherealestatepropertiesinth,privateownershipcontinuedtoexistfortheprivaterealestatepropertiesthatwereusedforpersonalresidenceintheurbanareas;buyunitsorindividualswhorequirelandforconst,thelandcollectivelyownedbythefarmer,,theadvanceoftheurbanareastothesuburbanareasandfurthertotheruralhinterlandandtheformationofnewurbanareasbyincorporatingtheruralareas,smalltownsandsuburbanarea’right,nearly20yearsafterthehouseholdcontractsystemwasintroduced,thattheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeople’’righttolanduse,landearningsandlandtransfers,ornon-farmconstructionunlessapproved(Article8).Asaresult,oncethecollectivefarmers’landisusedfornon-farmconstruction,’rightsandinterestsofthe,akeandoccupytheruralland,tionisoriginallydesignedtopreventthecollectivefarmers’onalamendments,therewasadebateonwhetherrurall’,"three-levelsystemofownerships,withownershipbytheproductionteamasthebasicform",asacollectiveownershiphadbeenestablishedforruralland,itwouldbemea,theh,,notonlytherurallandthathadbeencontractedtofarmerhouseholdscontinuedtobecollectivelyowned,therurallandinsomesuburbsoflargecitiessuchasBeijing,ShanghaiandWuhanthatwaspreservedasstate-ownedlandforindustrialconstructionwasalsoreturnedtothefarmersasbeingcollectivelyowned.LiShantong,,ButPositiveandEffectivePoliciesCouldHelpSlowDowntheWideningoftheGapSinceChinastarteditsreformandopeningtotheoutsideworldin1978,thegapin,thepresentle,theGinicoefficient,,than40%,includingobjectivefactorsintermsofnaturalandgeographicalconditionsandresources,softhelong-termregionaldevelopment,andalsoaresul,ontheonehand,themainfactors(suchasfactorcondition,industrialfoundation,geographicalpositionandculturalenvironment)whichleadtotheexpansionofregionalgapwillcontinuetoexist;andontheotherhand,factorsfavorgap,itismakingandwillcontinuemakingeffortstohelpboostdevelopmentinthecentralandwesternr,asthelatecomers,canavoidmistakesandroundaboutcourseinstructurereform,mechanismdesigning,policydrafting,operationmodelselection,andintroductionofadvancedtechnologybylearningandsummingupthesuccessfulexperiencegainedbythedevelopedareasineasternChinainthepasttime,ticipationofcentralandwesternChina,especiallywhentheareaisfacingarisingdemandforbasicrawmaterialssuchasenergy,strialpenlargeinthecoming20years,hecomingyears,thegapofwelfaretreatmentforresidentsindifferentregionswillbecomesmallwiththeimplementationofnewdevelopmentpolicyandthe"fiveoverallplanning",theenforcementofthegeneralstrengthofthestate,aswellasth,theregionalgapintermofresidentconsumptionhaslongbeensmallerthanthatofregionaldevelopment,provingtheimportantroleofglyImportantRoleinEconomyThelong-termrapidandsustainablegrowthofthenationaleconomyandswiftimprovementofproductivefor,therapidexpansionofindustryandtheboostingdevelopmentoftownshipenterpris’%%from1980-2002,,thecountry’s’surbanizationleveliso,Chinahasahugeruralpopulationofabout800millionandthefunctionofcentr’spolicyonspeedingupurbanization,thenumberofcitieswillincreaseinChina,andurbansystemandscalewil’surbanizationrateisexpectedtoreachabout60%cesincities,andincreasingurbaneconomicaggregate,citieswillplayanincreasinglyimportantroleineconomicdevelopment,whilebigandsuper-liciencyofallocationofresources,heresWillBecometheLeadingForceinRegionalEconomicDevelopmentAsthereexistdifferencesincityeconomicactivities,cityspacestructureisusuallyfeaturedbycoexistenceoflarge,ationofresourcestourbanareasandpromotionofurbandivisionoflabor,large-cityspheriesintheworld,mostofthemhavegonethroughtheprocessofconcentrationfromcountrytotown,’scharacteristicsofdensepopulation,insufficientavailableland,rapidgrowthofindustry,ITandservicesectorsandstrongtendencyofglobaleconomicintegrationhaveallr,improvementofurbaninfrastructure,convenienceoftransporttools,aswellasenhancingofeconomictiesamongcities,centralcitieswillgrowstrong,tiesbetweencentralcitiesandsurroundingsmallandmedium-sizedcitieswillstrengthenandtheirimpactwillgrowbig,andthenlarge-citys,therelationsamongcitieswillchangefromtheformwithcentralcitiesasmainbodyinfluencinglopment,becomingthemostdynamicandstrongeconomicforcesinthecountry.YuanDongmingResearchReportNo080,2004China’’stotalinstalledcapacityofpowergeneratorswillreachabout410millionkilowatts,,thecoalstockofmanythermalpowerplantscouldonlysustain1-3days,andmanyplaceshavenochoicebut"suspendproductiontoavoidthepowerconsumptionpeak"orevenhaveto"resorttoblackouts"inordertocopewiththepowershortage,,inadditiontoexpandingtheinstalledcapacityofpowergeneratorsandtospeedingupthepowergridconstruction,itisamusttoactivelydevelopthedistributedpowerarchitecture(DPA),thedistributedpowersourcesarerealizedmainlythroughthecombinedsupplyofcooling,heatandpowerhasbecomeaninternationaltrend,breakingawayfromthetraditionalconceptaboutpowersourcesthat"smallmeansnon-economical."AftertheCaliforniapowercrisisintheUnitedStatesandthe"September11"terroristattacksallcountiesarepayinggreaterattentiontopowersupplysecurity,andar:FeaturesandProspectTheDPAisanewmodelofpowersupply,whichisc,,appliesnaturalgas,methane,andbiomassgasandlightoilasfuelandrealizesthecombinedsupplyofcooling,ittedinlongdistancetotheloadcenter,theDPAisdirectlyinstalledinthepowerdistributionnetworkwherethepowerloadisneeded,thetransmissionthroughpowergridismadeunnecessary,anditconcurrentlysuppliespower,steam,hotwaterandheati,environmentalprotection,investment,powersupplysafetyandsatisfyingthediversifiedneedsofcustomers,"smallthermalpowerplant"ora"small-capacitygenerator"forpowergeneration,itisapowergenerationmodewhich,throughthecomprehensiveutilizationofqualityenergies,providesheat,coolingandpoweratthesametime,anditsenergyutilizationratecouldreachashighasover80%,doublingthatoftheconventionalcoalthermalgeneratingunits[1].ralgas,lightoilandrenewableenergyasfuel,,comparedwiththeconventionalcoal-burninggeneratingunits,theSO2andsolidwastedischargefromtheDPAusingnaturalgasasfuelisvirtuallyzero,thedischargeofCO2isreducedbymorethan50%,thedischargeoftheNOxdischargeisreducedby80%andthedischargeofTspisreducedby95%[2]."powergenerationbyall"TheDPAneedssmallinvestment,occupieslesslandandhasashortconstructionperiod,anditiereasa135MWthermalpowergenerationunit,theminimumcapacityallowedinChina,willcostashighasmorethan700millionyuan[3].,transmissionanddistributionfacilityconstructionThelossofelectricityforcentralizedtransmissionanddistributionisusuallyabout10%,andevenashighasmorethan15%inChina[4].UndertheDPAmode,becausethepowerarchitectureislocatedclosetotheloadcenter,thereisnoneedtoconstructtheexpensivetransmissionanddistributiongrid,neitherisitnecessarytoconstructpowerdistributionstations,furthermore,thelossofelectricityinpowertransmissionanddistributionisverylow,implyusingnaturalgasforpowersupply,eat,powerandcoolingatthesametime,andcould,accordingtothespecialneedsofcustomers,dium-sized,orminigeneratingunitsthatareconvenienttostartorshutdown,,thepowerplantsarerelativelyindependent,thiswouldbeconvenientforcustomerstocont,heatandcoolingsupplytocommercialcenters,residentialareas,industrialparks,hotels,schools,,thecombinationofthepublicpowergridandtheDPAisamajormethodtosaveinvestment,reduceene,theamountofpowergeneratedthroughtheDPAaccountsfor25%-33%ofcustomers’totalpowerconsumption[5],andtheremainingportionissuppliedbythepublicpowernetwork,"September11"terroristattack,thedevelopedcountries,Britainhasbuiltmorethan1,000DPApowerplants,andtheUnitedStateshasconstructedmorethan6,,20%ofnewlyconstructedcommercialorofficebuildingsby2010,andmorethanhalfofsuchbuildingsby2020willuseDPApowersupply,andby2020,15%oftheexistingbuildingswillalsobetransformedtouseDPApowersupply[6].,bigpowerplantsandpowernetworkshareamutuallysupplementaryrelationship,notanantagonisticrelationship,DPAisacons,DPAcouldbeconnectedtoabig,tomeetthepowerneedsduringthepeakperiod,itdaftersatisfyingtheneedsforpowersupplyduringthepeakperiod,,powersupplyrelyingonbigpowergridswouldnotonlymeanabiglossofelectricityinthelong-distancetransmission,yloadtoDPA,andatthesametime,to,PAplant,itishighlyreliableandcouldhelpimprovethereliabilityandstabilityofthepublicpowersystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*WangZhenming,advisertotheHeatandPowerSpecializedCommitteeofChinaSocietyofElectricalEngineering,offeredgreathelptothewritingofthispaper.[1]"LadderUtilizationofNaturalGas"inthe"CollectionofThesesoftheSeminaronDPAHeat,PowerandCoolingJointProduction,"byZhaoZhiyi,LiMingyuan,etc.,P38[2]Datasource:Meetingminutesofthe2003DPAHeat,PowerandCoolingJointProductionSeminar.[3]"OptimizingtheUtilizationofNaturalGas,VigorouslySpeedinguptheConstructionofDPAPlants"fromthe"EnergyPolicyResearch,"2003,byHuaBi,LaiYuankai,P40-46.[4]"VigorouslyDevelopingtheGasTurbinePower-generatingIndustry"fromthe"CollectionofThesesoftheSeminaronDPAHeat,PowerandCoolingJointProduction,"[5]"DiscussionofSeveralQuestionsontheDesignofDistributedPowerArchitecture,"byHanXiaoping,[6]"OptimizingtheUtilizationofNaturalGas,VigorouslySpeedinguptheConstructionofDPAPlants"fromthe"EnergyPolicyResearch,"2003,byHuaBi,LaiYuankai,P40-46.ag旗舰棋牌游戏重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,LiuShijinThe16thNationalCongressofth"all-round"heremeansnotonlyaquadrupleincreaseineconomicaggregate,,thenentheroadofindustri,theformerSovietUnionandtheEastEuropeancountriesallhadaveryhighproportionofindustries,especiallyheavyindustries,,theireconomicstructization,,theprocessofindust,butthemostimportantoneswerethegrosseconomicandsocialimb,coordinationandsustainabilityisaimedatselectingtherightdevelopmentroadordevelopmentmodelinthecourseofrealizingthegoalofbuildingawell-offsocietyinan,wecanorganicallyintegratethestrategicgoalofachievingmodernizationin"twosteps"TaskfortheProcessofChina’sIndustrializationandModernizationThelevelofindustrializationshouldbedeterminedbythechangesinthestructureofoutputvalueandtheinc,ralsectors,andthosecontinuingtoworkinagr,,industrializationcannotclaimtobesuccessusedagriculturalaccumulationtosupportindustriesandespeciallyheavyindustriespracticedinChinabeforetheinitiationofreformandopeningup,agriculture’sshareofChina’,whilethesector’sshareofthecountry’,moreandmorelaborcontinuedtostayintheagriculturalsectorandthecountrysidewasinfactexcludedfromthecountry’,personalconsumptioninChina’,whichwasequivalenttohalfofthegro,however,theurban-ruralseparationsystem,thescopeandscaleoftheexchangeoffa,nearly200millionruralpeoplehavesoughtemploymenti-agriculturalsectorshavegreatlyimprovedthefarmers’,thepercapitanetincomeofthefarmersrosebyfourfolds,,thep::1(thefarmers’incomeis1;thesamebelow).,:1,:,thedisparitycouldbeaswideas5~6:ibutabletothefactorthatproduc,awideningdisparityindicatesthatthemigrationofruralpopulationtothenon-agriculturalsectorsandurbanareasstillfacesserioussystembarriers....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangXiaojiBeforetheAsianfinancialcrisis,EastAsiancountriesmainlypursuedaunilateralliberalizationpolicybasedonthemost-favored-nationtreatment(MFN),whileuntriesand,asaresult,regionalehina,JapanandKorea(abbreviatedas10+3),,JapanandKoreaareallcountrieswithimportantinfluenceinEastAsia,andtheirdialogueandcoordinationwithinthe10+3frameworka,theleadersofthethreecountriesagreedtolaunchatanappropriatetimeaoTradeAreaisaccountingforanincreasinglygreaterproportionoftheglobaltradeInthe1990s,,atotalof179regionaltradeagreements(RTA),andthe,economicintegrationcanbeusedtopreventpossiblepoliticalormilitaryconflicts;freetradeareasareestablishedtoexpandregionalmarket,attractoutsideinvestmentandincreaseinternationalcompetitiveness;smallcountriescanstrengthentheirpositionsinthemultilateraltradenegotiationswiththeirmembershipinregionalorganizations;,,newregionaltr,theintra-regionaltradeoftheEuropeanUnionandtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeArea,thetwolargesttradeblocsintheworld,,theEuropeanUnioni,theNAFTA-basedeconomicintegrationwillexpandtoformaFreeTradeAreaoftheAmericas(FTAA).Theintra-regionaltradeofthetwogreatertradeblocsnowinformationhasexceeded40percentoftheglobaltrade(Table1).OthercountriesareallseekingregionalcooperationpartnersinordertoavoidthedamageshifWangMengkuiThemid-andlong-termdevelopmentobjectiveforChinaistobuildawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwayinthefirst20yearsofthe21stcentury(2001-2020)."Well-offsociety"isaconventionalChineseconception,whichreferstoasocialformationthatpeoplehavemorethanadequatefoodandclothingandliveawell-to-dolife,,around75%peopleinurbanandruralareashadreachedmoderateprosperityintheyear2000,theWorldBanks’,whichhasbeenharassingChinesepeopleforhundredsofthousandofyears,,veforChineseeconomicdevel%,GDPwillapproach36,000billionRMBbytheyear2020,whichexceeds4,,thoughChineseeconomicaggregatewillseeagreaterincrease,thepercapitaincomewillremainlow,izedviafourfive-yearplans,,,contentsandapproachesofstateplansalsodifferfromthoseinthepast,(2001-2005)%,and8%,g7%dexceededin2005,astheEleventhFive-YearPlan(2006-2010)eriodof2001-2020,withthelowestof7–%andthehighestaround9%,ownafterwards,t,thosecountriesthatmaintainedahighgrowthspeedthrough40yearsincludeKorea(%),Singapore(%),andThailand(%).Chineseec,Chinawillalsomaintainahighgrowthspeedthrough40yearsaswell,ceandstability."ChinaThreat"conomicgrowthconsistinseveralaspects:,ale,theexploitationofcentralandwesternregionsandrevitalizationofoldindustrialbasesarebeingexpedited,,Chinaconsumedanamountofrolledsteelaccountedfor1/4oftheworldtotal,glassfor1/3,andcementfor40%.Thecontributionratebythemarketfactoriskeepingincreasing,andtheaverageannualgrowthrateofcivilianinvestment(includingprivatelyeconomy,individualeconomy,stockholdingeconomy,collectiveeconomy,combinedmanagementeconomy,andexcludingforeign,HongKong,Macao,Taiwancapital)is20%,,andthesocialsavingscurrentlyexceed10,000billionRMB,r50%,andthatofthenon-state-ownedeconomy(includingforeigncapital)accountsformorethan50%,thenon-state-ownedeconomyintheconsumingfieldsarebeingwidening,,inhabitants’housing,transportation,c,urbanhousingacreageincreased22%,householdcomputersincreased6fold,,;colorTVsetsinpeasants’,refrigeratorsincreased74%,andwashingmachinesincreased45%.Chineseeconomicdevelopmentisimbalanced,anddispa"accumulationofspoondrifts"(onespoondriftpushesanother,andthewavecrestwillbehigherandhigherthroughtheaccumulationofpowerafteroneroundandtheother),andtheproductmarketwillkeeponexpandingforalongtime....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.entplan,,"tosupportresearchoncommontechnologies"h,theIndustrialTechnologyDevelopmentBasePlanandotherrelevantplans,ex,researchoncommontechnologiesisalwaysmixedwithproductdevelopmentprojectsingovernmentplans,,oneofthemaintasksofthe242scientificacademiesandresearchinstitutesdirectlyunderthe10StatebureaussubordinatedtotheformerStateEconomicandTradeCommissionwastoconductresearchoncommontechnologieswithintheindustry,with12largescientificacademiesandresearchinstitutes,includingtheBeijingCentralIronSteelResearchInstitute,constitutrryingoutresearchonthecommontechnologiesofmosto,someacademiesandresearchinstitutesarestillengagedinresearchoncommontechnologies,butthereexistsgreatcontroversyastowhethertheseacademiesandinstituteshavereducedtheirinputinsuchresearchandwhetherthemanagerialsystemoftheseacademiesandinstitutesisfavorabletorese,whichisinlinewithpublicfinancialprinciplesandinternationalrulesandmeetstherequirementsofindustrialtechnologyupgradingandinternationalcompetition,hasnotyetbeenestablishedInstancesofthegovernmentsubsidizingenterprisesintheirproductdevelopmentand"constructionworkandprojectdevelopment"stillexist,whichgivesrisetoanabsurdsituation:ontheonehand,thegovernmentisconstantlyprovidingfinancialaidinrespectofproductdevelopmentandscaledproductionincompetitivefields,andontheotherhand,therehasnotbeenanybreakthroughinsomekeycommontechnologiesforalongtimeduetolackoffunds,xplicitlydefined,whichleadstothefactthatthereisnounifiedstandardontheselectionofcommontechnologyprojectsanddefinitepolicytargets,montechnologies(1)Itlacksunityandcoherenceanddoesnotgiveprominencetothekeypoints;theorganizationformissingleThegovernmentlacksclearcategories,,theonlyorganizationalformisthatofdirectfinancialaid.(2)TheprincipleoftakingtheindustryastheguideisnotgivendueprominenceResearchoncommontechnologiesisdifferentfromlaboratoryresearchinthefactthatitshouldaimtomeettheneedsofenterprises,,however,inrespectofprojectselection,thetechnologyrouteisprimarilydeterminedbythegovernmentorscientists,andtheenterprises’demandsoncommontechnologiesarenotadequatelyreflected;intermsoffunding,thegovernmenthasnotestablishedamulti-levelandmulti-channelfundinputmechanism;andintermsofselectionofresponsibleunits,therequirementfortheenterprisestoparticipateintheresearchisnothighlighted.(3)ThemanagementandorganizationoftheresearchoncommontechnologiesarenotrationalFirstly,themanagerialsystemofthescientificacademiesandresearchinstitutes,themainforceinresearchoncommontechnologiesinChina,,thedeepeningofthestructuralreformofthemarketeconomyinChinaandthecontinuouslyintensifyingmarketcompetitionathomeandabroadallrequiretheenterprisestobecometherealmainstayofinnovationandestablishmorerationalandeffectiveorganizationandmanagementpatternswhichcanmotivatetheenterprises(4)Thespreadoftheachievementsofcommontechnologiesisnotgivenfullattention,andtherelacksrelevantpolicytoencourageresearchoncommontechnologies,especiallypoliciesonintellectualpropertyThepolicytoencouragethediffusionofcommontechnologiesismainlyreflectedintwoaspects:oneistoencourageknowledge-sharingandadvantagecomplementationinthecourseofcooperativeresearch,theotheristomakeanintellectualpropertypolicywhichc,itisquitecommonforoneun,agreatdealoftheachievementsoftheresearchesfundedbythegovernmentremainwithintheresearchunits,andtherearenospecificevaluationsandresponsibilityrestraintsonwhhnologiesFirstly,afterChina’saccessiontotheWTO,thegovernment’slinks,itsfinancialaidtoindustrialtechnologyresearchanddevelopmentandtheproportionandformoffundingarerestrictedbyrelate,Chinawillhavetoadjustthepositionand,itisnecessarytoestabli,thegovernmentcannotdirectlysubsidizeproductresearchanddevelopmentandmanufacturing,ommontechnologieswithi,itisnecessarytopromotetheupgradingofindustrialtmitatingforeigntechnologiestorealizeeconomicgrowthcannotgoonforlong,andthesustain,mostindustriesinChinahaveenteredthestagewherethereisanurgentneedforaforwardleapintheindustrialtechnologylevelandabreakthroughinagreatmanykeycommontechnologies,therefore,theindustrialcommunity’,concentrateonthecrucialpointsandbreakthroughthetechnologicalbottlenecksareveryrealandpressingproblems....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以LiShantong,HouYongzhi,LiuYunzhongHeJianwu,Departm,2005Aftertwodecadesorsoofrapideconomicdevelopmentsincethebeginningofreformandopeningup,,Chinawillhaveimportantstrategicopportunitiesforitsecono,overcomethedifficultiesinadvance,solvetheproblemsarisingfromdevelopmentandmaintainrapideconomicgrowth,itseconomicstrengthanditsoverallnationalstrengthwillmternal,’se,wetriedtogiveabasegrowthscenarioinlightoft,thebasegrowthscenarioanalyzesdevelopmenttrends,,,inwhichtheeconomy,society,resourcesandtheenvironmentwilldevelopinacoordinatedmanner,inkeepingwiththerequirementsofthescientificconceptofdevel"risk"scenario,whichwillgivemorecursionChinaC,thispaperhypothesizedsomeexternalfactorsandsimulatedvariousscenariosofChina’seconomicgrowthandstructuralchangesfrom2000to2020inlightoftheuniquefeaturesofthegrowthandstructureoftheChineseeconomyanddevelopmenttrends(seeTable1).Insimulatingvariousscenarios,wealsohypothesizedthegrowthtrendsofpopulationandlabor,theprocessofurbanization,thegrowthrateofgovernmentconsumptionandthetotalfactorproductivity(TFP)[1]Whatweneedtoemphasizeisthatwealsodesignedthepreferenceoftechnologicaladvance,which,theshareparametersfortheproductionfunction(includingthecoefficientofintermediaryinputs)arealltdevelopmenttrend,thelaborforcewillcontinuetomovefast,humanresourcesaccumulationandtechnologicaladvancewilllikelybringaboutanincrementaleffectofscale,systemreformswilldeepenfurther,thereformofthefinancialsystem,thetradesystem,theinvestmentsystemandthestate-ownedenterpriseswillpromoteamorerationalandeffectivea,expectedtoreachabouence.[2]ThesavingsbehavioroftheChinesepeoplewillunlikelychangedramaticallydurinthescientificconceptofhuman-oriented,all-round,coordinatedandsustainabl’,ssystems,thestrongerrolesofthemarketinresourceallocation,thevigorousadvanceinrestructuring,,wefurtherhypothesizedthattheindustrialstructurewouldbefurtherupgraded,andthereformofthesystemsandruleswouldpromotearapiddevelopmentoftheserviceindustry(especiallytheproductiveserviceindustry),furthermarket-orientedreformswouldstraightenoutthepricesofvariousresources(includingenergy),rationalizetheallocationofresourcesandi,wehypothesizedthatthepreferenceoftechnologicaladvanceandthechangesintherateofintermediaryinputswouldfurtherfavorthec,theintermediaryuseoftheserviceindustryandthehigh-techindustriesbyvarioussec,theTFPgrowthrateoftheserviceindustrywoul,armindustrieswouldbefast.、ag旗舰棋牌游戏用户至上腾博9885CQ9五福临门’,an,China’seconomyhasbyandlargesteppedontothetrackofsocialistmarketeconomy,themechanismofmarkethasstartedtoplayabasicroleindistributionofresources,andthetradebasedoncredithasbecomethedominantmethodinthecountry’,a"buyersmarket",,creditofferedbyenterpriseforpurchasea,however,thedisorderofcreditsystemhasbecomeacriticalissuehamperingChina’,andbecomebaddebts,increasingnon-performingloanndelayedforalongtime,,counterfeitandinfringem,concealing,,increasedthetransactioncostsanddecreasedtheeconomicoperationefficiency,butalsodirectlyaffectedandhamperedthemarketmechanismfromplayinganormalroleinthedistributionofresources,andreducedtheeffectofgovernment’spolioncontractsamongeconomicentities,’sentryintotheWTO,thechaosincreditsystemalsoseriouslytarnishedthecountry’sinternationalcreditimage,’smodernmarketeconomyhadnotgrownenough,theeconomybasedoncreditappearedlate,,,socialeconomicentitieslacktheco,althoughtheconceptofmarketeconomyforurbanandruralresidentsandenterpriseshavebeenstrengthened,theculturalenvironmtmechanismforassessingcreditmoralitybasedonwhich,withinanenterprise,whichincludesmanagementofreceivablesandproductsales,,throughwhichenterpriseithinChina’,improperofferingofcreditalwaysleadtofailureinperformingthecontract,andcredit-offeringenterprisesfrequentstatusofclients,,asthepropertyrightsystemofstate-ownedenterprisesisnotcomplete,theirinternaladministrationstructureisnotstandardized,andthesituationofbeingdependentongovernmentshasnotbeenendedcompletely,,uponwhichthevulnerablepartywithlessinformationwillbedefrauded,’ssociety:ontheonehand,thedataofcreditinformationisopenedinlowdegree;thereislackofachanneltostandardizethedistributionandcollectionofinformation;thereisnospecificlawprovisionsonpublicityanduseofcollectedinformation;informationaboutenterprisesandindividualsinthehandsofgovernmentdepartmentsandspecial,,marketoperationandcreditproductstosomeenterprises,theirmarketislimitedandisoperatedatadispersedstate,t,thedatabasesofChina’screditinter,,’srelatedlawsarenotcompleteandthepunishmentmechanismagainstbreachoffaithisnotcomplete,agreatnumberofdefaultsw,effectivecreditjointmechanismandthecreditinformationisunsymmetric,the"blackrecords"of,rtywholosecredibilityandindirectlybreakstheconfidenceofthosehono,thereisacompletecreditsupervisionandmanagementsystemofthestate,includinglegislationandenforcementrelatingtocredit,,,althoughthereisaprincipleofhonoringcreditinChina’sGeneralPrinciplesofCivilLaw,ContractLaw,andLawagainstCompetitionbyInappropriateMeans,andtherearesomeregulationsconcerningpunishmentonfraudsandsimilarcrimesintheCriminalLaw,thisstilldoesnotconst,ivelyweak....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.DingNingningForthecurrentstageofChina’seconomicdevelopment,,allthefinancialindicatorsofthepostalservicedeclineddr,thepostalservicefacesthecriticismfromthecompetitorsintheopenedse,itwillfurtherweakenthepostalservice’thepostalservicehavetoconsideritsimpactonsocialandpoliticalobjectivesHowtopromotethelong-termdevelopmentofChina’rmofapublicservicesectorpopsup,manypeopletendtotake"monopolybreakup"astheonlypropercourse,,tHarmonyisrealized,,th,apostalrouteneitherprohibitsotherpeoplefrompassingthrough,nor,therefore,,ofall,themonopol,mostofthepostalservicesinvariouscountriesevolvedfromthedeliverysystemofofficialdocuments(forexamplethecourierstationsinancientChina).Itwasonlyaftertheemergenceofcontemporarynationalistcountriesthatthepostalservicebeganassumingtheresponsibilityofdeliveringlettersforallcitizensandthusbecomingapublicservice(publicproduct),thepostalservs,theexclusiveright(monopoly)tooperatethebasicbusinessofthepostalservice(suchasdeliveryofletters),su,thereformofthepostalserviceshouldemphasizegreaterfinancialtransparencyandstrongerpublicsupervision(especiallyfromthecustomers).Nevertheless,,,thepostalservicenaturallyextendsitsexclusiveoperatingright(monopoly)tonewareassuchasbulkparceldelivery,specialdelivery,he,thereformofthepostalservicemustfirstofalldefinewhatisthebasicbusine’sexclusiverighttooperatethebasicbusiness,itsexclusiveoperatingrightintheareaofexpandedbusinessshouldberevokedsothatthepostalenterprisescanactivelyparticipatein,onetypicalmistakewasthatChinaonlyexcluded"personalletters"whenitopenedinternationalexpressmailservice(seeitem4onthepartorallofthebusinessthatcanbedonebyagencyinArticle16ofChapterIVoftheRegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaontheAdministrationofInternationalFreightShippingAgencypromulgatedonJune29,1995).Thisertainweightastheprotectedareaofthepostalservice’eMarketMovingfromtheplannedeconomytothemarketeconomyisasetgoalforChina’,thedivisionofl,theadvantageofthemarketistoincreasethemicroeconomicefficiencyofenterprisesthroughcompetitionanditwasthegovernment’,theexcessivenationalpolicyonnationalizationandwelfareintheWesterncountries(mainlyinEurope)ledtoadeclineineconomicviabilityandadrasticincreaseingovernmentburden,ompetition,butalsoaffectedthepublicservicesector.GuoLihong,,2005Inthemediumandshort-term(15years),feederairlineandgeneral-purposeairlinearethetwofactorspracticallydrivingthedevelopmentofChina’’saviationindustry,therefore,thefollowingpolicypro"feeder."Infact,inChinaorabroad,thereisnounifieddefinitionfor"feeder."Thecivilaviationsectorandtheaircraft-manufacturingsectorhavedifferentunderstandingsabouttheterm"feeder."Generallyspeaking,tothecivilaviationcircles,"feeder"referstoflightroutesnotbetweenairhubs,withadistancelessthan800kilometersor500nauticalmiles(about926kilometers).,however,"regionalaircraft"referstocivilaircraftwithsmallerseatingcapacity,lessthan100seatsorlessthan70seats,andtheflyingrangecouldvary,,aircraftusedformainroutescouldflyregionalroutes,(civilaircraft)Forthedemandpolicyofmilitaryaircraft,thereare(1)LooseningmarketaccessforregionalairlinecompaniesOfthe33domesticairlinecompaniesonceapproved,20operateregionalroutesconcurrently,,somelocalgovernments,forthepurposeofobtainingapproval,submittedtheirapplicationsinthenameofestablishingregionalairlinecompanies,,thereare73regionalairlineswithmorethan1,100regionalaircraft,andin1998,;andintheUnitedStates,thereare97regionalairlineswith2,150regionalaircraft,,ft,theformerStatePlanningCommissionmandatedthatallairlinesapplyin,butitwouldsurelybedetrimentregion,itwouldhelptheairlinestobeprofitableinthefuture,andontheotherhand,itwouldhelprealizethesharingofrisksandbenefitswithdomesticaircraftmanufacturers,andtheycouldbuilduptheirbrandsjointly,,,itwouldbeenoughtokeepthemfromrivalinginthealreadysaturatedmarketofmainroutes.(2)Looseningmarketaccessforgeneral-purposeairlinesIntermsofregionalcivilaviation,somemajorairlinesareoperatingregionalairroutesconcurrently,,itislaggingevenfurtherbehindforeigncounterparts,andevenworse,,themaingoalforlooseningmarketaccessforgeneraons,andpastexperienceshaveproventhatstatecapitalandstate-ownedenterprise,privateenterpriseshouldbegiventhechancetoenterthemarket.(3)LooseningcontrolsontheservicecontentsandpricesofregionalairlinesYunnanAirlinesmadeadetailedcost-profitestimateandevaluationonCR–%,theonlyonethatisprof,,tochoosedomesticallymanufacturedturbo-propaircraft,,,itisacommonpracticetingairlines,similartothosepoliciesadoptedbytheformerstatedepartmentsformanysectorsinwhichthestatecapitalplaysadominantrole,containsthefearof"absenceofowners,"therefore,itsinterpretationof"priceself-discipline"is"salesatlowpricearenotallowed.",privateaviationcompanieswouldnotgiveuptomakeprofits;second,theyfacecompetitionfromthehighwayandrailwaytransportationoperators;andthird,itisalsorestrictedbytheconsumers’,,tocancelsomeservices,,theywouldstillbewillingtobuyairticketsforsuchflights,,onlyhotwaterisprovidedfreeofcharge,,governmentcontrolofregionalairlinesshouldbeexercisedcompletelyunderthemarketprinciple,anditisnotnecessaryforittoplaytheroleofinvestorsometimesandtheroleofconsumerinsomeothertimes.、DVORZhaoJinpingResearchReportNo076,’sFTAPracticeandInternationalExperienceSinceChinaproposedtoestablishaChina-ASEANFTAatthe"10+1"conferencein2000,initialprogresshasbeenmadeinpromotingbilateralFTArelations,w,ChinaandASEANreachedconsensusontheofficiallaunchofth,thetwosidessignedaframeworkagreementinNovember2002andreachedagreementontheearlyharvestpro,theywillbecometheworld’slargestfreetraderegion,whichismadeupofdevelopingcountries,,,China’smainlandandHongKong,thetwocustomsterritoriesareholdingconsultationsona"CloserEconomicPartnership"arrangement(CEP).LaunchingFTAnegotiationsbeoninparticipatingineconomicglobaliz’seconomicdevelopmentandstructura,themoveisoflong-term,,JapanandSoutheastAsia,China’,conventionalexperienceshowsthattherolesplayedbyFTAinpromotingtheeconomicgrowthofmembersisindirectproportiontothescopeofFTAcoverageandthat,political,culturalandethnicissuesmayallbecomethe"bottlenecks",thescopeofliberalizationsharedbyallpartiescanonlybethe"commondivisor",manycountriesprefera"fromtheeasytothedifficult"approachwhentheytrytoestablishFTA,’sFTAnegotiationswithASEANasawholela,ifthenegotiationsaretoproduceexpectedresults,establishFTAwithASEAN,whi,Japantriedtoreacha,consensuscanbeachievedinestablishingacomprehensivesystemcooperationrelationshipandalltheareasofpossiblecooperationcanbecoveredsoastoleaveroomforselectingappropriatecontents,,specifyinginadvancethecontentsofpossiblebilateralcooperationinthemultilateralframeworkagreementcanpavethewayforselectingappropriatecooperationpartnershipandordero,thebilateralprocessbetweenJapanandSingapore,,thebenefitreapedbyJapancouldbean"addition"ofthebenefitsembodiedinallbilateralFTAs,insteadofa"commondivisor".Second,therelevantFTAtheoriestellusthatbecauseoftheeffectoftradetransfer,theexpansionofinter-regionaltradeandinvestmentactivitieswillhelpincreasetheoverallefficiementsmayreplaceextra-regionalhigh-efficiencycommodi,whiletheestablishmentofaFTAbetweendevelopedanddevelopingcountriesmayenabletheindustrialproductsofthedevelopedcountriestoenterthemarketsofthedevelopingcountriesmoreeasily,thecompetitiveproductsofthedevelopingmemberscanobta,thiswillhelpthedevelopingcountriestoabsorbtheindustrialtransferandinvestmentfromthedevelopedcountriesandhelppromotetheresour,whichhasbeenperformingwellintrade,investmentandeconomicdevelopmentsinceitjoinedtheNorthA,SingaporeandtheleadingSoutheastAsiancountriesareeagertoestablishFTAwithJapan,theUnitedStates,Australia,,itenjoitsowncomparativeadvantagesandabsorbthecapitalandtechnologyfactorsfromcooperationpartnerssothattheycancomplementeac,selectingFTAtargetsandsettingdifferentcombinationprioritiesisanelementaryworkforacountritha"fromtheeasytothedifficult"approachandproceedingfromtheperspectivesofeasingdomesticpressure,,mainlybecausedoingsocanavoidthepossiblepressureoftheotherparty’sagriculturalproductsonitsown,simplybecauseitwantedtoavoidthedisadvantageswhentheproductsofJapaneseenterprisesentertheMe,JapanwantedtotakeadvantageofMexicobeingbothaNAFTAmemberandalsoasignatorytotheFTAagreementwiththeEuropeanUnionsoastocreateconditionsfortheproductsoftheJapanese-’sselectionoftheRepublicofKoreaasitsnextpartnerwasdesignedmainlytocontainChina’sinfluenceandtoplayaleadingroleinregionalaffairswhilepursui,,theRepublicofKoreahasdramaticallyoppositeseasonswithChileandassuchChileanagric,ChileisbothamemberoftheSouthernConeCommonMarketandasignatorytoanFTAagreementwiththeEU,whichmadeitnecessaryfortheRepublicofKoreatotakemeasurestoensurethatKoreanenterpriseswillnotsufferlosseswhent,theRepublicofKoreawantedtotakeadvantageofitsownsuperio,Japan,,itwantstobecomeaproductionbasethathaszerotarifflinkswithallthesemajormarkets,toattractd,Chinaisa,Chinahasnotworkedoutawholesetofwell-definedstrategiesandpriorityarrangementsforregionalmultilateretrendandrolesofregionaleconomicintegrationandhasnotestablishedanationalstrategicresponsesysteminkeepingwiththedevelopmentofthesituation....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijinTheissueoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinawasputf,ithasbecomeasignificantstrategicmovetospeedupthedevelopmentofChina’seconomyinarobustandsustainedwayandtoacceleratereadjustment,transfo,itisanoneroustasktoreadjust,,wecangettwicetheresultwithhalftheeffortandmakeagoodstartforsolvingtheproblem;ifnot,,TransformationandRevitalizationoftheOldIndustrialBasesinNortheastChinaUnderthenewcircumstances,readjustment,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinaarenotonlytosolvethepopularproblemsexistinginlargestate-ownedenterprises,noronlytorevitalizetheequipmentindustry,,thefirsttaskistosumuptherelatedexperiencesandlessonsobtainedduringtheseyears,lookintowhichmeasuressucceededandwht,transformationandrevitalizationoft,itisnecessaryforreadjustment,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinatosolvethepopularproblemsofthestate-ownedenterprises,andtodevelopnon-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomyandtheeconomymixingthe,thestate-ownedsectormakesupabigpartoftheeconomyintheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChina,,thefirsttaskofreadjustment,transformationandrevitalizationistofacea,whenwelookforwardwithaviewofdevelopingthemarket-orientedeconomyandthinkonthebasisoftheexperienceofthedevelopedcoastalareasinthesoutheasternpartsofthecountry,wecancometoaconclusionthatwithoutvigorousdevelopmentofnon-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomy,themarketeconomyenvironmentcanhardlybecultivatedanortobecomeanimportantpartofthemarketeconomyandontheotherhand,tocreatejobopportunitiesforthoseworkerslaidoffasaresultoftransformationofstate-ownedenterprises,tocreatenewinvestorsandtoprovidesubstitutingfiscalrevenues(whenfiscalrevenuesfromstate-ownedenterprisesdecreased).Whenitcomestothetransformationofstate-ownedenterprises,non-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomydoesnotconst,ifthesituationinwhichthosestate-ownedenterpriseswithoutsubstantivetransformationtakethepredominantpositioncontinuetoremain,thatre,thecentralgovernmentandlocalgovernmentsoughttomakenecessaryinvestment,andthegovernments’investmentshouldbe,however,equipmentisold,,thegovernmentsoughttoincreaseinvestmentintechnologicalinnovationandembarkonsomenewprojectssoastoease,thegovernmentshadmadeconsiderableinvestmentinthepast,buttheresult(yieldingnoexpectedfruits)onomysystemandshortageofsupply,thegovernmentsincreasedinvestmentinenterprisescouldtakecertaineffect;aftertheenvironmentchangesasaresultofestablishmentofmarketeconomy,whatthestate-ownedenterpriseslackisnotmoney,,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesunderthenewcircumstancesarealsoaprocessoftransforminggovernments’,evenifthegovernmentsmakemoreinvestment,theexistingdifficultieswillnotbesolvedandwhatismore,theincreasedinvestmentwillconstituteanewburden,forminganunhealthycircleof"addingwaterwhenthereistoomuchflour;addingflourwhenthereistoomuchwater".Underthechangedcircumstances,itisnotthatthegovernmentsarenotwillingtoundertakeresponsibilityormakeinvestment,butthattheyareplanningtospendmoneyinreleasingstate-ownedenterprisesfromtheheavyburdensresultingfromhistoricalreasons,inpayingforthecos,trialprojectsonthereformofsocialsecuritysystem,diversionoflaid-offworkers,separatingsocialfunctionsfromenterprisesandliquidationofenterpriseswithoutcompetitivenesswerecarriedoutinLiaoningProvince,ttobe,thecentralgovernmentsandlocalgovernmentsoughttospendthemoneyontheimprovementofmechanismandthefund,whileweputtheemphasisonthedevelopmentofequipmentindustry,weshouldalsorialbasesinnortheastChinaanditisanindustrywithre,somerelevantdepartmentsandorganiztChina,theequipmentindustrywillremaintobe,wemustattachenoughimportancetothenewcharacteristicsofChina’,therehasbeenaphenomenonthatsomeind,itsproductioncentersusedtobelocatedmainlyinShanghai,,thesituationofthosestate-ownedtextileenterpriseslocatedinmanytextileindustrialcentersintheseregionsaswellasinthecountry’shinterlandsweredeteriorated,,thosenewburgeoningtextileenterpriseslocatedinJiangsu,Zhejiang,Guangdongandotherprovincesboostedthedevelopmentofthecountry’stextileindustryrapidly,enablingChinatobecometheworld’,thatis,thosepowerhousemanufacturersofthesametypeofproducts,manufacturersofrelatedpartsandaccessoriesforthosepowerhousemanufacturersandtheenterprisesprovidingservicesfortheirassemblyaperation,andwiththeintensificationofdivisionofworkdaybyday,orproductionofrelatedparts,,alargenumberofenterprisesofthesameindustryassembleinoneregion,,not"industrialcluster".TimehasbecomeripeforChina’sequipmentindustrytodevelopinfullswing,butitremainsanuncertaintywhethertheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinacantakefullpacesofreformandopening,weshouldnoticethattheindustriallayoutoftheoldbasesintheregiontookshapeduringtheperiodoftheplannedeconomy,andastheindustriesformedundertheenforcementoftheplannedeconomymaynotcertainlyrepresentthelocalfavorablecharacteristics,’smore,overthetwodecadesofdevelopmentafterthereformandopeningup,theproductionelementsinandoutoftheregionhaveundergonegreatchangesan,wecansayapartfromthetraditionalequipmentindustryandotherheavyindustries,,weshouldattachimportancetotheequipmentindustry,someindustriesformerlyn...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HanJun,XieYang,XuXiaoqing,CuiChuanyi,PanYaoguo,1thFive-YearPlan(1),China’stotalgraindemandwillgoupannuallyduetopopulationgrowth,ble,nsumptionrevealsthatwhenincomeisatarelativelylowlevel,grainisthemai,livestockproductswillreplacethereducedportionofcereal,theconsumptionoflivestockproductsstabilizes,’sfoodconsumptionisinthesecondperiod,namelyaperiodduringwhichfoodconsum,theconsumptionoflivestockproductsbyurbanresidentswillgrowatarelativelyslowpace,whilethespaceforsuchconsumptionbyruralresidentsisfairlylargeandsuchconsumptionwillgrowatarelativelyfastpace.(2)Theaccelerateddevelopmentofindustrializationandurbanizationwillbringabou’,thelevelofChina’,thelevelofChina’,iftheproportionofagriculturalemploymentdropsby1percentagepointeachyearwiththeaccelerationofeconomicdevelopment(overthetwodecadesfrom1981to2001,),theproportionofagriculturale,theaccelerationofindustrializationandurbanizationoverthenext20yearswillbringaboutrareopportunitiesforChinatosolvethethreeagriculture-relatedproblems.(3)Chinahasenteredadevelopmentperiodinwhichindustrycounter-feedsagriculture,andha’scounter-feedingofagricultureisanactofgovernmentinterventioninagriculture,,manycountriesexperiencedaperiodinthecourseofindustrialization,duringwhichagriculturefirstpr,industrialandfarmproductscouldnotbetradedonanequalfootingduetothelon,thestateobtainedhugeamountsoffundsfromtheagriculturalsectorandseriouslyweakenedagriculture’,agriculture,whichhadalreadybeenbackward,losttheabilityforself-developmentbecauseitfailedtoreceivesufficientvaluecompensationoveralongperiod,andthematerialandtechnicalco,thestateclearlyintensifi,agr,agricultureisstillinanunfavorablepos,China’spercapitaGDPatcurrentexchangeratessurpassed1,strywasabout15∶85,theratiobetweentheemploymentofagricultureandnon-farmindustrieswasabout50∶,Chinahasenteredthemiddleperiodofindustrialization,duringwhichnon-farmindustriesinsteadofagriculturehavebecometheleadingsectorofthenation,differentcountriesadopteddifferentmeasuresinlig,Chinaingeneralhasenteredthedevelopmentperiodduringwhichindustryshouldcounter-feedagricultureandhencethepolicytoprotect,thenationalrevenuefromagriculturaltaxandsurchargestotaled46billionyuan,andtheasandChinacannotgivehugeamountsofsubsidiestoincreasetheincomeofpeasantsasdevelopedcountriesdo,thecountryingeneralhasalreadyposseevelopmentduringthe11thFive-YearPlan(1)Agriculturalproductionfacesgravechallengessuchascontinuousshrinkingoffarmland,overallworseningo"increasedpopulation,reducedfarmlandandreducedwater"willcontinueandtheconstraintofresourceconditionstoagriculturaldevelopmentwillbecomeevenmoreacute.(2)Oversupplyofrurallaborandunderemploymentwillcontinuetobemajorconstraintstoth,,technologicaladvancesinagriculturewillreleaseaconsiderableamountoflabor.(3)The,co’sfunctionsaremonotonr,theruralcreditcoopegthevastruralareas,,,thestate-ownedcommercialbanksattractedmorethan300billionyuanofdepositsfromtheruralareasandthef,thecreditcooperativealsosawabout200billionyuanoffundsflowingoutoftheruralareaseachyearonaveragethroughre-depositingfundsinthecentralbank,purchasingnationaldebtsandfinancialbondsandotherchannels.。

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